Background and history

the Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia "Dott. Marco de Marchi" was established as a foundation to plan, conduct, and facilitate inland freshwater research

Istituto(1938) Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia (1940) Marco de Marchi (1872-1936)

Rina Monti
One of the foremost pioneering limnologists of the early 20th century.
The first Italian woman to hold a permanent university professorship. She inspired the limnological studies in Italy and contributed to the establishment of the Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia.

Rina Monti Rina Monti Rina Monti Rina Monti

Edgardo Baldi
the first director of the institute (1939-1951.
To perpetuate his memory, a prestigious lecture – The Baldi Memorial Lecture – has been given at the initial General Assembly of the International Society of Limnology Congress since 1952.

Edgardo Baldi Edgardo Baldi edgardo baldi

…and in 1940 research activity started in the “De Marchi” Villa in Pallanza.

Adriano Buzzati Traverso
Brother of the famous writer Dino Buzzati.
Luca Luigi Cavalli Sforza
Emeritus professor at Stanford University, California. Two distinguished geneticists who started their research activity at the Pallanza Institute.
Giuseppe Ramazzotti
One of the world experts on the Phylum Tardigrada

Buzzati Cavalli Ramazzotti

The Tonollis' Leadership

"I can say, not only on my own behalf, that no two people have done so much for limnologists as well as for limnology" Hutchinson 1967, A treatise on Limnology. II Introduction to lake biology and the limnoplankton. Wiley & Sons Inc. NY

Vittorio Tonolli Livia Pirocchi Tonolli

…in 1977, Under the direction of Prof. Livia Tonolli the Institute became part of the National Research Council.

Vittorio Tonolli
director from 1951 to 1967
Livia Tonolli Pirocchi
director from 1967 to 1979

The subsequent directors

Prof. Ettore Grimaldi
director from 1979 to 1983
Dr Riccardo de Bernardi
director from 1983 to 2005
Dr Rosario Mosello
director from 2006 to 2013
Dr Piero Guilizzoni
director from 2013 to 2014
Dr Marina M. Manca
director from 2014 to 2016
Dr Giuseppe Torzillo
director from 2016 to 2018
Dr Aldo Marchetto
director in 2018

Ettore Grimaldi Riccardo de Bernardi Rosario Mosello Piero Guilizzoni

Marina M. Manca gtorzillo amarchetto

4 October 2005:  the institute was visited by the President of the Republic Carlo Azeglio Ciampi (here with the former Director Riccardo de Bernardi).

Ciampi Ciampi Ciampi

In 2001, under the reorganization of the National Research Council (CNR) the Istituto Italiano di Idrobiologia became the Institute of Ecosystem Study, incorporating other CNR institutes in Pisa, Firenze and Sassari.
On 19 September 2018, following another internal restructuring of the Italian National Research Council, the Institute of the Ecosystem Study of Verbania changed its name, becoming part of the Water Research Institute (IRSA).

view from the lakeside The main entrance View from the institute

The Institute grew out of almost seventy years of limnology initiated by Edgardo Baldi, Vittorio and Livia Tonolli, who founded the modern limnology in Italy through extensive descriptive and comparative studies.
The vision statement of the Pallanza Institute was translated from Bertoni (2005) – CNR ISE Storia per immagini, Verbania.